Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) boss Ben McDevitt has hailed the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) for its verdict on the Essendon 34.
The CAS upheld the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) appeal against the AFL tribunal decision to clear 34 players of taking the banned peptide Thymosin beta-4 in 2012.
All 34 players - 12 of whom remain on Essendon's list, with another five now contracted to other AFL clubs - have been banned from the sport for 12 months.
McDevitt said the players had neglected their anti-doping education and, in agreeing to be injected without making inquiries about what they were injected with, were responsible for the outcome.
"This unfortunate episode has chronicled the most devastating self-inflicted injury by a sporting club in Australian history,” he told reporters.
"There were very little grounds for the players to claim they were at no significant fault.
"The players had received anti-doping education through the AFL and ASADA, and were well aware that they are personally responsible for all substances that entered their body.
"Unfortunately, despite their education, they agreed to be injected with a number of substances they had little knowledge of, made no inquiries about the substance and kept the injections from their team doctor and ASADA.
"Of 30 ASADA testing missions during the period in question, none of the 18 players tested declared the injections, despite being asked each time whether they had taken any supplements.
"At best, the players did not ask the questions, or the people, they should have. At worst, they were complicit in a culture of secrecy and concealment.
"The CAS result brings this matter to a close and ASADA looks forward to continuing to work with all sporting codes to promote a clean and fair sporting environment."
Essendon chairman Lindsay Tanner apologised on behalf of the club to the players for the events of 2012 but said the penalty imposed was unfair.
"The penalty imposed on the 34 players is manifestly unfair," he said.
"At all times, our players acted in good faith. They sought assurances and were provided them. If ever there was a case to be made for a finding of no significant fault, this was it.
"The individual blame game that has dominated debate...is in my view unproductive."
"There was a collective systemic failing and it needs to be seen in that light."
Tanner said the club respects the decision and will not challenge it.
James Hird, who coached Essendon in 2012 and has already served a one-year by the AFL for his role in the scandal, labelled the decision a "miscarriage of justice," while the AFL Players' Association boss Paul Marsh called the decision a "disgrace," adding: "We are struggling to understand how the CAS decision can be so different to that of the AFL anti-doping tribunal."
26 de marzo 2017
|One of my best races - Alonso surprised to come close to a point|
|Bale attacked by O´Shea: I was lucky just to need stitches|
|Victorious Vettel eager to revel in Melbourne triumph|
|Vettel beats Hamilton to Australian GP glory|
|Latham leads New Zealand response|
|Pliskova, Muguruza power through as Radwanska bows out|
|Cavs´ struggles continue, Spurs extend streak|
|Federer set for Del Potro test, Wawrinka untroubled|
|Ricciardo receives five-place grid penalty in Melbourne|
|MLS Review: Crew edge Timbers, Minnesota crushed again|
|There is only one Messi – Deulofeu says comparisons hurt him|
|Jaguares overcome Reds, Sharks beat Cheetahs|
|Linares outclasses Crolla to retain title|
|Livermore feared career was over after failed drugs test|
|Rooney´s England career not over, insists Southgate|
|Santos: Portugal have five finals left|
|Greece played an ugly game - Martinez|
|Blind thinking about future after accepting blame for Bulgaria blow|
25 de marzo 2017
|Stroud takes slender Puerto Rico lead|
|Stunning goal record not important to Ronaldo|
|Leinster stay top as Munster win big|
|What can you say? This is a nightmare - Robben blasts Netherlands defeat|
|Rahm and Johnson stay hot to reach WGC-Dell Match Play semi-finals|
|La Rochelle seal play-off spot with Pau win, Racing beat Clermont|
|Belgium 1 Greece 1: Lukaku rescues below-par Red Devils|
|Luxembourg 1 France 3: Deschamps´ men unconvincing in victory|
|Bulgaria 2 Netherlands 0: Delev brace leaves De Ligt and Oranje feeling blue|
|Portugal 3 Hungary 0: Ronaldo magic keeps up winning run|
|Portugal 3 Hungary 0: Ronaldo magic keeps up winning run|
|Federer sees off Tiafoe in Miami opener|
|Vinales handed Qatar pole after qualifying is washed out|
|Suarez agent denies Napoli offer|
|Rashford eyes Euro Under-21s spot despite Mourinho concerns|
|Juventus midfielder Khedira fit to lead Germany|
|Tamim ton fires Tigers past Sri Lanka|
|Watch: Gerrard volley lights up Liverpool Legends match|
|Mauger bows out with dramatic win, Robshaw returns in Quins romp|
|Rampant Rahm races into Match Play quarters|
|South Africa 3 Guinea-Bissau 1: Dream debut for Tau as Erasmus returns with a goal|
|Wehrlein: I´ll be back in China|
|Fuming Alonso will not accept McLaren failure|
|England boss Southgate praises captain Hart for putting Euro 2016 woe to bed|
|Bertrand wants England to keep up with Jones´ rugby stars|
|No points dropped is the aim for Germany - Low|
|Smith can be one of Australia´s greatest - Wade|
|The weather, not transfer targets, attracts Mourinho to Croatia v Ukraine|
|Everton ready to support stricken Coleman|
|Verratti backs Juve to beat Barca|
|No intent from tearful Taylor - Long reflects on sickening Coleman injury|
|Berlusconi warns suitors off Donnarumma|
|Doping ´the worst thing to be accused of´, says Wiggins|
|Sunwolves denied by late Stormers surge|
|Redskins´ Cousins gets creative in revealing baby´s gender|
|Barcelona to name stadium after Cruyff|
|Hasler eyes swift response after Manly thrash Bulldogs|
|A-League Review: Sydney confirmed as premiers after Victory slip up in Brisbane|
|Kuldeep revels in dream Dharamsala debut|
|Ricciardo: I crashed for the right reason|
|Man, he´s a great player - Dempsey gushes over Pulisic performance|
|Kuldeep shines as India respond to Kohli absence, Smith hundred|
|Costa finding his feet under Lopetegui for Spain|
|Hernandez ´never dreamed´ of equalling Borgetti record|
|I want a team that wants me - Manchester City exile Hart open on future|
|Rory ready for Augusta despite lack of action|
|Kobe the inspiration for Booker´s 70-point showing|
|Chelsea target Sule could not resist Bayern|
|Terrible, horrible and a disaster - Palmer bemoans qualifying woe|
|Spain are not unbeatable - Buffon rallies Italy after 1000th game|
|Lara, Waqar back Root to flourish as England captain|
|Hamilton ´incredibly proud´ of Mercedes after taking Melbourne pole|