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Temporada

Apertura:
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Format:
18 teams, each plays the others once - for a total of 17 games each, over 17 game weeks.

Scoring points:
3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, 0 points for a loss.

Table order:
1. points won; 2. total goal difference; 3. total goals scored; 4. points in head-to-head matches; 5. goal difference in hth matches; 6. goals scored in hth matches; 7. total away goals scored; 8. placing in the Tabla General de Cociente (see below); 9. fairplay ranking; 10. draw.

Qualification for Apertura - Final Stages:
1-8 place: qualify for Final Stages

Qualification for CONMEBOL competitions:
1-2 place *: Copa Libertadores
* - the 4 teams, participating in the 2016/2017 CONCACAF Champions League (Tigres UANL, América, Santos Laguna and Querétaro) cannot participate in the 2017 Copa Libertadores if they reach the Quarter-finals of the CONCACAF Champions League. If in such case any of them finishes on a Copa Libertadores spot, then the next best placed team in the Apertura table qualifies instead.


Apertura - Final Stages:
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Format:
8 teams contest the Apertura champion in a knockout format.

Quarter-finals:
Teams are paired according to their Apertura standings:
1st vs 8th;
2nd vs 7th;
3rd vs 6th;
4th vs 5th.
Winners are decided over two legs.
The better placed teams from the Apertura choose the hosting order.

Semi-finals:
Teams are paired according to their Apertura standings:
best placed vs worst placed;
2nd best placed vs 3rd best placed.
Winners are decided over two legs.
The better placed teams from the Apertura choose the hosting order.

Tie-breakers for the Quarter-finals and Semi-finals knockout matches:
1. aggregate score from the two legs, 2. away goals, 3. higher Apertura placing.

Final:
The two Semi-finals winners meet each other with the winner becoming Apertura champion.
Winner is decided over two legs.
The better placed team from the Apertura chooses the hosting order.

Tie-breakers for the Final knockout matches:
1. aggregate score from the two legs, 2. extra time, 3. penalties.

Qualification for CONCACAF competitions:
Apertura champion: CONCACAF Champions League
Apertura losing finalist: CONCACAF Champions League


Clausura:
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Format:
18 teams, each plays the others once, with hostings reversed compared to the Apertura - for a total of 17 games each, over 17 game weeks.

Scoring points:
3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, 0 points for a loss.

Table order:
1. points won; 2. total goal difference; 3. total goals scored; 4. points in head-to-head matches; 5. goal difference in hth matches; 6. goals scored in hth matches; 7. total away goals scored; 8. placing in the Tabla General de Cociente; 9. fairplay ranking; 10. draw.

Qualification for Clausura - Final Stages:
1-8 place *: qualify for Final Stages
* - if any of the qualified teams is also to be relegated at the end of the season, it cannot play in the Clausura - Final Stages, and the 9th placed team in the Clausura table qualifies instead.

Relegation from the league:
Each team's points, obtained in the 2014/2015, 2015/2016 and 2016/2017 Liga MX Apertura and Clausura seasons are summed, and that total is divided by the number of games played during that period (a total of 34, 68 or 102 games - depending on how many of the last 3 seasons the team played without interruption in the Liga MX).
Teams are ranked in a Tabla General de Cociente table, based on the resulting average score.
18 place in the Tabla General de Cociente: relegated to Ascenso MX

Promotion to the league:
1 team from Ascenso MX


Clausura - Final Stages:
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Format:
8 teams contest the Clausura champion in a knockout format.

Quarter-finals:
Teams are paired according to their Clausura standings:
1st vs 8th;
2nd vs 7th;
3rd vs 6th;
4th vs 5th.
Winners are decided over two legs.
The better placed teams from the Clausura choose the hosting order.

Semi-finals:
Teams are paired according to their Clausura standings:
best placed vs worst placed;
2nd best placed vs 3rd best placed.
Winners are decided over two legs.
The better placed teams from the Clausura choose the hosting order.

Tie-breakers for the Quarter-finals and Semi-finals knockout matches:
1. aggregate score from the two legs, 2. away goals, 3. higher Apertura placing.

Final:
The two Semi-finals winners meet each other with the winner becoming Clausura champion.
Winner is decided over two legs.
The better placed team from the Clausura chooses the hosting order.

Tie-breakers for the Final knockout matches:
1. aggregate score from the two legs, 2. extra time, 3. penalties.

Qualification for CONCACAF competitions:
Clausura champion: CONCACAF Champions League
Clausura losing finalist: CONCACAF Champions League
* - if one or both teams have already qualified for the CONCACAF Champions League through the Apertura, then the best placed team or teams in the Clausura table, not otherwise qualified for the CONCACAF Champions League, qualify instead.
* - if the Clausura champion is also the Apertura losing finalist, it uses its champion spot for CONCACAF Champions League participation. In such case, the best placed team in the Apertura table, not otherwise qualified for the CONCACAF Champions League, qualifies instead.